Applications of X-ray microtomography to geomaterials

by GeoX 2010 (2010 New Orleans, La.)

Publisher: ISTE, Publisher: Wiley in London, Hoboken, NJ

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 897
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Subjects:

  • Soil mechanics -- Research -- Congresses,
  • Rock mechanics -- Research -- Congresses,
  • Tomography -- Congresses,
  • Three-dimensional imaging in geology -- Congresses,
  • Materials -- Testing -- Congresses,
  • Concrete -- Analysis -- Congresses,
  • Radiography -- Industrial -- Congresses

Edition Notes

StatementGeoX 2010 ; edited by Khalid A. Alshibli.
GenreCongresses
ContributionsAlshibli, Khalid., Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge, La.), Naval Research Laboratory (John C. Stennis Space Center)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTA710.A1 G475 2010
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23962437M
ISBN 109781848211797
LC Control Number2009048641
OCLC/WorldCa476834285

Imaging of Construction Materials and Geomaterials. Scope. During the last decades, imaging techniques such as electron microscopy or X-ray microtomography have dramatically improved our knowledge of civil engineering materials, and allowed the development of a wide range of innovative materials. from imaging. It will cover various. X-Ray Fluorescence Microtomography in Biological Applications. By Gabriela R. Pereira and Ricardo T. Lopes. Submitted: December 7th Reviewed: April 18th Published: November 21st DOI: / The ability to make precise X-ray attenuation measurements on very small volume elements is a developing technology. This technology is known as X-ray microtomography to delineate the method as a form of X-ray microscopy that uses tomographic reconstruction techniques to build three-dimensional.   The repouched small battery samples were transferred to the hard X-ray microtomography beamline at the Advanced Light Source. 30 There, monochromatic synchrotron hard X-rays of 25 keV energy were used to illuminate the samples at .

Microtomography is the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, via a numerical process, of the structure of a sample from a set of two-dimensional images, with a resolution of a few micrometres or less. Synchrotron radiation microtomography is now routinely used on several beamlines to perform investigations on a wide range of topics. A compact and versatile induction furnace for in situ high-resolution synchrotron and laboratory hard X-ray microradiography and computed microtomography is described. The furnace can operate from to K. Its programmable controller enables the user to specify multiple heating and cooling ramp rates as well as variable dwell times at fixed temperatures allowing precise control of. Three-dimensional (3D) images of the full specimens were obtained by carrying out x-ray micro-tomography scans at key points throughout the test. The high-resolution 3D tomographic images have a voxel size of 85 μm (0 d 50), allowing clear identification of the grains. The Rietveld method and its applications to synchrotron X-ray powder data (F. Izumi). X-ray microtomography (K. Usami, T. Hirano). Subject index. Description. Synchroton radiation (SR) is utilized in most scientific fields. This book will therefore be useful not only for researchers engaged in analytical chemistry, and those studying the basic.

intensity after the X-rays have passed through an object of thickness x, and m is the linear attenuation coefficient, which depends on the bulk, and thus electron density of the material, and the energy of the radiation. For low X-ray energies in the typical synchrotron beam-line range (~5–50 keV), X-rays . Application of X-ray microtomography to the study of dental hard tissues. In Fearnhead RW, editor, Tooth enamel V. Tsurumi: Florence Publishers. p. In Fearnhead RW, editor, Tooth enamel V. Tsurumi: Florence Publishers. p. Voltolini, M., Marinoni, N., and Mancini, L. () Synchrotron X-ray computed microtomography investigation of a mortar affected by alkali-silica reaction: a quantitative characterization of its microstructural features. Journal of Materials Science, 46,

Applications of X-ray microtomography to geomaterials by GeoX 2010 (2010 New Orleans, La.) Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book brings together a total of 48 contributions (including 5 keynote papers) which were presented at the 2nd International Workshop on the Application of X-ray CT for Geomaterials (GeoX ) held in Aussois, France, on October, X-ray computed microtomography is an excellent tool for the three-dimensional analysis of rock microstructure.

Digital images are acquired, visualized, and processed to identify and measure several discrete features and constituents of rock samples, by means of mathematical algorithms and computational by: This book brings together a total of 48 contributions (including 5 keynote papers) which were presented at the 2nd International Workshop on the Application of X-ray CT for Geomaterials (GeoX ) held in Aussois, France, on October, The contributions cover a wide range of topics Price: $   We focus instead on the relatively recent application of X-ray computed microtomography (μ-CT) to geological specimens, which has created the opportunity to completely visualize and quantify the internal structure of these materials in 3D at scales down to the sub-micron level (e.g., Barnes et al.,Brown et al.,Carlson and Denison Cited by: Quantitative analysis of X-ray microtomography images of geomaterials: Application to volcanic rocks D.

Zandomeneghi 1, M. Voltolini 2, L. Mancini 2, F. Brun 2,3, D. Dreossi, and M. Polacci 4Cited by: Synchrotron X-Ray microtomography: a Hig Resolution, Fast and Quantitative Tool for Rock Characterization – E. Boller, P. Cloetens, Applications of X-Ray Computed Tomography (CT) in Engineering Geology K.

Gallmeister, R. Azzam. 8 Advances in X-ray Tomography for Geomaterials Lines and its Applications for X-ray CT Image of. X-ray microtomography, like tomography and X-ray computed tomography, uses X-rays to create cross-sections of a physical object that can be used to recreate a virtual model without destroying the original prefix micro-(symbol: µ) is used to indicate that the pixel sizes of the cross-sections are in the micrometre range.

These pixel sizes have also resulted in the terms high. X-ray computed microtomography (XCT) has been a very promising and exciting technique for high pressure (HP) science since the introduction of the first HP setups optimized for tomography in the mids.

This title discusses a broad range of issues related to the use of computed tomography in geomaterials and geomechanics. The contributions cover a wide range of topics, including deformation and strain localization in soils, rocks and sediments; fracture and damage assessment in rocks, asphalt and concrete; transport in porous media; oil and gas exploration and production; neutron tomography.

Read the latest chapters of Analytical Spectroscopy Library atElsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature. Welcome to the OA Earth-prints Repository.

Earth-Prints is an open archive created and maintained by Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e digital collection allows users to browse, search and access manuscripts, journal articles, theses, conference materials, books, book-chapters, web products.

X-ray microtomography is the state-of-the-art, 3D imaging method which uses X-rays passing through the sample to obtain spatial and structural information on componentry.

Since X-ray microtomography is a nondestructive technique, it can be considered as an excellent complement for conventional petrographical methods, especially for fragile. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A.

This book brings together a total of 48 contributions (including 5 keynote papers) which were presented at the 2nd International Workshop on the Application of X-ray CT for Geomaterials.

This title discusses a broad range of issues related to the use of computed tomography in geomaterials and geomechanics. The contributions cover a wide range of topics, including deformation and strain localization in soils, rocks and sediments; fracture and damage assessment in rocks, asphalt and concrete; transport in porous media; oil and gas exploration and production; neutron tomography.

Several methods, including X-ray radiography, have been developed for the investigation of the characteristics of water-saturated quasi-brittle materials. Here, the water content is one of the most important factors influencing their strength and fracture properties, in particular, as regards to porous building materials.

However, the research concentrated on the three-dimensional fracture. Quantitative analysis of X-ray microtomography images of geomaterials: Application to volcanic rocks Research output: Contribution to journal › Article Authors.

An X-ray, or X-radiation, is a penetrating form of high-energy electromagnetic X-rays have a wavelength ranging from 10 picometres to 10 nanometres, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz (3×10 15 Hz to 3×10 18 Hz) and energies in the range eV to keV.X-ray wavelengths are shorter than those of UV rays and typically longer than those of.

A CIP record for this book is available from the British Library Application of Microfocus X-ray CT to Investigate the Frost-induced Extraction of Effective Cement Paste Diffusivities from X-ray Microtomography Scans K. KRABBENHOFT, M. KARIM. Advances in Computed Tomography for Geomaterials xi.

X-ray Study A. Rodriguez-Rey, V.G. Ruiz de Argandeno, L. Calleja, L.M. Suarez del Rio, C. Celorio Investigation of Interaction Behavior Between Soil and Face Bolts using X-ray CT - D. Takano, J. Otani, S. Fukushige, ni Material characterization X-ray CT Study of Mini-Fabrics of Organic Soils (Oostvaardersplassen) X.

Cheng, D. The advantages of the use of x-ray microtomography in materials science are discussed, and illustrated by the nondestructive study of the mechanical damage in a continuous fiber SiC/Al composite at a resolution of about 25 μm. A laboratory x-ray sour.

An X‐ray microtomography scan allowed construction of an accurate 3D FE mesh. Analogue material from an extant avian theropod, the pedal digit and claw of an eagle owl (Bubo bubo), was analyzed to provide input data for the Velociraptor claw FE model (FEM).

The resultant FEM confirms that dromaeosaurid claws were well‐adapted for climbing. Quantitative analysis of X-ray microtomography images of geomaterials: Application to volcanic rocks By D Zandomeneghi, M Voltolini, L Mancini, F Brun, D Dreossi and M Polacci No static citation data No static citation data Cite.

The 3D visualization of the inner microstructural features of objects and materials is of relevant interest for a wide range of scientific and industrial applications. X-ray computed microtomography (?-CT) is a powerful non-destructive technique capable to satisfy these needs.

X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) scanning has been widely used for medical diagnosis. This technique is now attracting increasing interest as a tool in non-destructive testing in engineering.

This book reports the early results of research into this application, with particular reference to deformation and failure of geomaterials. Dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaurs, such as Velociraptor, possess strongly recurved, hypertrophied and hyperextensible ungual claws on the pes (digit II) and manus.

The morphology of these unguals has. X-ray microtomography for the identification of microstructural properties of shale This use of X-ray micro-CT combined with nanoindentation tests is proposed for the qualitative and quantitative characterization of Shale, a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed of highly compacted clay particles, nanometric porosity, and silt-sized particles of other minerals.

The sandstone was imaged using Synchrotron X-Ray computed microtomography at 6 micron resolution. The spatial distributions were computed based. Elliott J C, Bromage T G, Anderson P, Davis G and Dover S D Application of x-ray microtomography to the study of dental hard tissues Enamel V ed R W Fearnhead (Yokahama: Florence) pp Elliott J C and Dover S D X-ray microtomography J.

Microsc. We present spatial distributions for pore path length and coordination number, pore throat size and nodal pore volume obtained for a 3 mm 3 volume of % porosity Fontainebleau sandstone.

The sandstone was imaged using Synchrotron X-Ray computed microtomography at 6 micron resolution. Selected applications: D.R.

Baker et al. A four-dimensional X-ray tomographic microscopy study of bubble growth in basaltic foam. Nature Communications, vol. 3, art. no.S. Tavella et al. Bone turnover in wild type and pleiotrophin-transgenic mice housed for three months in the international space station (ISS).

PLoS ONE, vol. 7.Extraction of Effective Cement Paste Diffusivities from X-ray Microtomography Scans K. Krabbenhoft — M.R. Karim Centre for Geotechnical and Materials ModellingUniversity of Newcastle, NSW, [email protected] ABSTRACT. The problem - Selection from Advances in Computed Tomography for Geomaterials: GeoX [Book].X-ray tomography is also used to investigate the mechanical properties of composites under large shear deformation, with potential relevance for mantle processes (Wang et al., ).

Boone et al. () use a combination of X-ray tomography, X-ray microfluorescence, and X-ray diffraction for phase identification and characterization in granite.